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dc.contributor.authorFecteau, Shirleyen_US
dc.contributor.authorLevasseur-Moreau, Jeanen_US
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Molina, Albertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorKumru, Haticheen_US
dc.contributor.authorVergara, Raúl Pelayoen_US
dc.contributor.authorBernabeu, Monsteen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoig, Teresaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPascual-Leone, Alvaroen_US
dc.contributor.authorTormos, José Mariaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-11T13:27:45Z
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationFecteau, Shirley, Jean Levasseur-Moreau, Alberto García-Molina, Hatiche Kumru, Raúl Pelayo Vergara, Monste Bernabeu, Teresa Roig, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, and José Maria Tormos. 2013. “Risk Taking in Hospitalized Patients with Acute and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.” PLoS ONE 8 (12): e83598. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083598. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083598.en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11879702
dc.description.abstractRehabilitation can improve cognitive deficits observed in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, despite rehabilitation, the ability of making a choice often remains impaired. Risk taking is a daily activity involving numerous cognitive processes subserved by a complex neural network. In this work we investigated risk taking using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) in patients with acute TBI and healthy controls. We hypothesized that individuals with TBI will take less risk at the BART as compared to healthy individuals. We also predicted that within the TBI group factors such as the number of days since the injury, severity of the injury, and sites of the lesion will play a role in risk taking as assessed with the BART. Main findings revealed that participants with TBI displayed abnormally cautious risk taking at the BART as compared to healthy subjects. Moreover, healthy individuals showed increased risk taking throughout the task which is in line with previous work. However, individuals with TBI did not show this increased risk taking during the task. We also investigated the influence of three patients’ characteristics on their performance at the BART: Number of days post injury, Severity of the head injury, and Status of the frontal lobe. Results indicate that performance at the BART was influenced by the number of days post injury and the status of the frontal lobe, but not by the severity of the head injury. Reported findings are encouraging for risk taking seems to naturally improve with time postinjury. They support the need of conducting longitudinal prospective studies to ultimately identify impaired and intact cognitive skills that should be trained postinjury.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083598en
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3873371/pdf/en
dash.licenseLAAen_US
dc.titleRisk Taking in Hospitalized Patients with Acute and Severe Traumatic Brain Injuryen
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden
dc.relation.journalPLoS ONEen
dash.depositing.authorFecteau, Shirleyen_US
dc.date.available2014-03-11T13:27:45Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0083598*
dash.contributor.affiliatedFecteau, Shirley
dash.contributor.affiliatedPascual-Leone, Alvaro


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