Ultrastructural evidence for completion of the entire miracidial maturation in intrauterine eggs of the digenean Brandesia turgida (Brandes, 1888) (Plagiorchiida: Pleurogenidae)
Poddubnaya, Larisa G.
Zhokhov, Aleksander E.
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CitationŚwiderski, Zdzisław, Larisa G. Poddubnaya, Aleksander E. Zhokhov, Jordi Miquel, and David Bruce Conn. 2014. “Ultrastructural evidence for completion of the entire miracidial maturation in intrauterine eggs of the digenean Brandesia turgida (Brandes, 1888) (Plagiorchiida: Pleurogenidae).” Parasitology Research 113 (1): 1103-1111. doi:10.1007/s00436-013-3747-y. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-013-3747-y.
AbstractResults of this TEM study provide ultrastructural evidence that miracidial morphogenesis is fully completed within the intrauterine eggs situated in the most posterior uterine regions of the pleurogenid trematode Brandesia turgida (Brandes, 1888). The ultrastructural characteristic of different larval organelles and cell types of these eggshell-enclosed, but fully formed, cilated miracidia is described. The body wall of the pyriform mature miracidium of B. turgida is composed of ciliated epidermis and underlying peripheral body musculature. Two miracidial flame cells of the protonephridial excretory system are localized in the central region of the ciliated larvae. Three types of miracidial glands were observed: a single apical gland, two lateral glands, and several small vesiculated glands; each gland type contains characteristic, but different types of secretory granules. The anterior end of each miracidium consists of an apical papilla on which are situated the exits of the three main larval glands: an exit of a single apical gland as well as the individual exits of two lateral glands. The exits of vesiculated glands, containing characteristic spherical membrane-bound and highly electron-dense granules, evidently different from the two other types of secretory granules of apical and lateral glands, were not identified. Germinative cells, grouped together in a sac-like germinative follicle, are situated in the medioposterior part of the larva, the germatophore. The germinative cells contain numerous electron-dense heterochromatin islands arranged in the form of a network or chain-like pattern and distributed mainly in the karyoplasm adjacent to the nuclear membrane. The thin layer of granular cytoplasm is rich in free ribosomes and contains a few small mitochondria. Both nuclear and cytoplasmic features if these cells indicate their great developmental potential for further growth and multiplication in postembryonic stages of the life cycle. In the mature eggs, the areas of focal cytoplasmic degradation were frequently observed and may be involved in the autolysis of some embryonic structures. Obtained results are compared with available literature data on the functional ultrastructure of the miracidia of other digeneans.
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