Quantifying Information Flow During Emergencies
Bagrow, James P.
Wang, DashunNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationGao, Liang, Chaoming Song, Ziyou Gao, Albert-László Barabási, James P. Bagrow, and Dashun Wang. 2014. “Quantifying Information Flow During Emergencies.” Scientific Reports 4 (1): 3997. doi:10.1038/srep03997. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep03997.
AbstractRecent advances on human dynamics have focused on the normal patterns of human activities, with the quantitative understanding of human behavior under extreme events remaining a crucial missing chapter. This has a wide array of potential applications, ranging from emergency response and detection to traffic control and management. Previous studies have shown that human communications are both temporally and spatially localized following the onset of emergencies, indicating that social propagation is a primary means to propagate situational awareness. We study real anomalous events using country-wide mobile phone data, finding that information flow during emergencies is dominated by repeated communications. We further demonstrate that the observed communication patterns cannot be explained by inherent reciprocity in social networks, and are universal across different demographics.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11879827
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