PAAR-repeat proteins sharpen and diversify the Type VI secretion system spike

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PAAR-repeat proteins sharpen and diversify the Type VI secretion system spike

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Title: PAAR-repeat proteins sharpen and diversify the Type VI secretion system spike
Author: Shneider, Mikhail M.; Buth, Sergey A.; Ho, Brian T.; Basler, Marek; Mekalanos, John J.; Leiman, Petr G.

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Citation: Shneider, Mikhail M., Sergey A. Buth, Brian T. Ho, Marek Basler, John J. Mekalanos, and Petr G. Leiman. 2013. “PAAR-repeat proteins sharpen and diversify the Type VI secretion system spike.” Nature 500 (7462): 350-353. doi:10.1038/nature12453. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12453.
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Abstract: The bacterial type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a large multi-component, dynamic macromolecular machine that plays an important role in the ecology of many Gram negative bacteria. T6SS is responsible for translocation of a wide range of toxic effector molecules allowing predatory cells to kill both prokaryotic as well as eukaryotic prey cells1-5. The T6SS organelle is functionally analogous to contractile tails of bacteriophages and is thought to attack cells by initially penetrating them with a trimeric protein complex called the VgrG spike6,7. Neither the exact protein composition of the T6SS organelle nor the mechanisms of effector selection and delivery are known. Here we report that proteins from the PAAR (Proline-Alanine-Alanine-aRginine) repeat superfamily form a sharp conical extension on the VgrG spike, which is further involved in attaching effector domains to the spike. The crystal structures of two PAAR-repeat proteins bound to VgrG-like partners show that these proteins function to sharpen the tip of the VgrG spike. We demonstrate that PAAR proteins are essential for T6SS- mediated secretion and target cell killing by Vibrio cholerae and Acinetobacter baylyi. Our results suggest a new model of the T6SS organelle in which the VgrG-PAAR spike complex is decorated with multiple effectors that are delivered simultaneously into target cells in a single contraction-driven translocation event.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/nature12453
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3792578/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11879901
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