Kinase domain mutations confer resistance to novel inhibitors targeting JAK2V617F in myeloproliferative neoplasms
Reddy, Mamatha M.
Schade, Georg O.M.
Chowdary, Tirumala K.
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CitationDeshpande, Anagha, Mamatha M. Reddy, Georg O.M. Schade, Arghya Ray, Tirumala K. Chowdary, James D. Griffin, and Martin Sattler. 2011. “Kinase domain mutations confer resistance to novel inhibitors targeting JAK2V617F in myeloproliferative neoplasms.” Leukemia 26 (4): 708-715. doi:10.1038/leu.2011.255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/leu.2011.255.
AbstractThe transforming JAK2V617F kinase is frequently associated with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and thought to be instrumental for the overproduction of myeloid lineage cells. Several small molecule drugs targeting JAK2 are currently in clinical development for treatment in these diseases. We performed a high-throughput in vitro screen to identify point mutations in JAK2V617F that would be predicted to have potential clinical relevance and associated with drug resistance to the JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib (INCB018424). Seven libraries of mutagenized JAK2V617F cDNA were screened to specifically identify mutations in the predicted drug-binding region that would confer resistance to ruxolitinib, using a BaF3 cell-based assay. We identified 5 different non-synonymous point mutations that conferred drug resistance. Cells containing mutations had a 9 to 33-fold higher EC50 for ruxolitinib compared to native JAK2V617F. Our results further indicated that these mutations also conferred cross-resistance to all JAK2 kinase inhibitors tested, including AZD1480, TG101348, lestaurtinib (CEP-701) and CYT-387. Surprisingly, introduction of the ‘gatekeeper’ mutation (M929I) in JAK2V617F affected only ruxolitinib sensitivity (4-fold increase in EC50). These results suggest that JAK2 inhibitors currently in clinical trials may be prone to resistance as a result of point mutations and caution should be exercised when administering these drugs.
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