Stable and Efficient Sparse Recovery for Machine Learning and Wireless Communication
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CitationLin, Tsung-Han. 2014. Stable and Efficient Sparse Recovery for Machine Learning and Wireless Communication. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
AbstractRecent theoretical study shows that the sparsest solution to an underdetermined linear system is unique, provided the solution vector is sufficiently sparse, and the operator matrix has sufficiently incoherent column vectors. In addition, efficient algorithms have been discovered to find such solutions. This intriguing result opens a new door for many potential applications. In this thesis, we study the design of a class of greedy algorithms that are extremely efficient, e.g., Orthogonal Matching Pursuit (OMP). These greedy algorithms suffer from a stability issue that the greedy selection approach always make locally optimal decisions, thereby easily biasing and mistaking the solutions in particular under data noise. We propose a solution approach that in designing greedy algorithms, new constraints can be devised by leveraging application-specific insights and incorporated into the algorithms. Given that sparse recovery problems by definition are underdetermined, introducing additional constraints can significantly improve the stability of greedy algorithms, yet retain their efficiency.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12274321
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