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dc.contributor.advisorRosen, Stephen P.
dc.contributor.authorBelanger, Tyson Francis
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T19:38:05Z
dc.date.issued2014-06-06
dc.date.submitted2014
dc.identifier.citationBelanger, Tyson Francis. 2014. Fear, Hope, and War: Peacemaking Improves Outcomes. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.en_US
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dissertations.umi.com/gsas.harvard:11659en
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12274347
dc.description.abstractHow do states win wars against other states? We have three explanations. By selection, states enter more winnable wars. By warfighting, states use negative inducements so enemies fear fighting. By peacemaking, states use positive inducements so enemies hope for settling. This dissertation investigates peacemaking. It theorizes that states optimally produce influence only if they efficiently combine warfighting negative and peacemaking positive inducements. It hypothesizes that using some peacemaking on average improves outcomes verses using none. The dissertation tests this with a statistical analysis that measures peacemaking as law of war compliance and estimates effects on all inter-state outcomes from 1899 to 1991. It finds that compliance likely on average improves immediate military and final political relative outcomes. This dissertation also tests peacemaking in four case studies from the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 and World War II. These case studies find that state peacemaking to enemy states, allies, leaders, troops, and civilians probably on average improves absolute war outcomes. These complementary and independent empirical results provide unprecedented support for the peacemaking explanation of how states improve inter-state war outcomes. To succeed, states should be prudent by selection, fierce in warfighting, and principled for peacemaking.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipGovernmenten_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dash.licenseMETA_ONLY
dc.subjectPolitical Scienceen_US
dc.subjectInternational Relationsen_US
dc.subjectLaw of War Complianceen_US
dc.subjectMilitary Strategy and Grand Strategyen_US
dc.subjectNegotiationen_US
dc.subjectConflict Resolutionen_US
dc.subjectand Bargainingen_US
dc.subjectPeacemaking Positive Inducements and Influenceen_US
dc.subjectWar: Franco-Prussian and World War IIen_US
dc.titleFear, Hope, and War: Peacemaking Improves Outcomesen_US
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen_US
dash.depositing.authorBelanger, Tyson Francis
dash.embargo.until10000-01-01
thesis.degree.date2014en_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGovernmenten_US
thesis.degree.grantorHarvard Universityen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberJohnston, Alastairen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberStam, Allanen_US
dash.contributor.affiliatedBelanger, Tyson Francis


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