Developmental Maturation within the Hematopoietic System

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Developmental Maturation within the Hematopoietic System

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Title: Developmental Maturation within the Hematopoietic System
Author: Arora, Natasha
Citation: Arora, Natasha. 2014. Developmental Maturation within the Hematopoietic System. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
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Abstract: Stem cell biologists creating cells and tissues for therapies, disease modeling, and drug screening have observed that differentiating pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) tend to produce cells at an embryonic stage of development but have difficulty maturing into adult definitive cells. A better understanding of developmental maturation will provide insights into embryogenesis and permit more accurate disease modeling. In the hematopoietic system, primitive and definitive cells are distinguished by functional transplantation assays, well characterized cell surface antigens, and gene expression signatures. We examined the transition in vivo in transplanted murine hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and in vitro in human PSC (hPSC) derived red blood cells (RBCs). We found that the hematopoietic microenvironment of the recipient significantly affects the outcome of HSC transplantation. The earliest embryonic HSCs perform better in neonatal recipients, whereas more mature adult-like HSCs perform better in adult recipients. The preference may be related to different active hematopoietic niches in neonates and adults, as we observed adult HSCs homing to different tissues in neonatal and adult recipients. Additionally, we found that proliferation may enhance the neonatal engraftment potential of adult-like HSCs. Our data highlight the importance of the host environment on transplantation outcomes, and point to the neonatal transplant model as a tool to functionally examine the earliest HSCs and primitive derivatives of PSCs.
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12274635
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