Pay without Performance: Overview of the Issues
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CitationLucian A. Bebchuk & Jesse M. Fried, Pay without Performance: Overview of the Issues, 30 J. Corp. L. 647 (2005).
AbstractIn our recent book, Pay without Performance, and in several accompanying and subsequent papers, we seek to provide a full account of how managerial power and influence have shaped executive compensation in publicly traded U.S. companies. Financial economists studying executive compensation have typically assumed that pay arrangements are produced by arm’s-length contracting, contracting between executives attempting to get the best possible deal for themselves, and boards trying to get the best possible deal for shareholders. This assumption has also been the basis for the corporate law rules governing the subject. We aim to show, however, that the pay-setting process in U.S. public companies has strayed far from the arm’s-length model.
Our analysis indicates that managerial power has played a key role in shaping executive pay. The pervasive role of managerial power can explain much of the contemporary landscape of executive compensation, including practices and patterns that have long puzzled financial economists. We also show that managerial influence over the design of pay arrangements has produced considerable distortions in these arrangements, resulting in costs to investors and the economy. This influence has led to compensation schemes that weaken managers’ incentives to increase firm value and even create incentives to take actions that reduce long-term firm value.
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