Evidence of natural Wolbachia infections in field populations of Anopheles gambiae

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Evidence of natural Wolbachia infections in field populations of Anopheles gambiae

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Title: Evidence of natural Wolbachia infections in field populations of Anopheles gambiae
Author: Baldini, Francesco; Segata, Nicola; Pompon, Julien; Marcenac, Perrine; Robert Shaw, W.; Dabiré, Roch K.; Diabaté, Abdoulaye; Levashina, Elena A.; Catteruccia, Flaminia

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Citation: Baldini, Francesco, Nicola Segata, Julien Pompon, Perrine Marcenac, W. Robert Shaw, Roch K. Dabiré, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Elena A. Levashina, and Flaminia Catteruccia. 2014. “Evidence of natural Wolbachia infections in field populations of Anopheles gambiae.” Nature Communications 5 (1): 3985. doi:10.1038/ncomms4985. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4985.
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Abstract: Wolbachia are maternally transmitted intracellular bacteria that invade insect populations by manipulating their reproduction and immunity and thus limiting the spread of numerous human pathogens. Experimental Wolbachia infections can reduce Plasmodium numbers in Anopheles mosquitoes in the laboratory, however, natural Wolbachia infections in field anophelines have never been reported. Here we show evidence of Wolbachia infections in Anopheles gambiae in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene identified Wolbachia sequences in both female and male germlines across two seasons, and determined that these sequences are vertically transmitted from mother to offspring. Whole-genome sequencing of positive samples suggests that the genetic material identified in An. gambiae belongs to a novel Wolbachia strain, related to but distinct from strains infecting other arthropods. The evidence of Wolbachia infections in natural Anopheles populations promotes further investigations on the possible use of natural Wolbachia–Anopheles associations to limit malaria transmission.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/ncomms4985
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4059924/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12406613
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