The ESX System in Bacillus subtilis Mediates Protein Secretion
Ramsdell, Talia L.
Sarracino, David A.
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CitationHuppert, Laura A., Talia L. Ramsdell, Michael R. Chase, David A. Sarracino, Sarah M. Fortune, and Briana M. Burton. 2014. “The ESX System in Bacillus subtilis Mediates Protein Secretion.” PLoS ONE 9 (5): e96267. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0096267.
AbstractEsat-6 protein secretion systems (ESX or Ess) are required for the virulence of several human pathogens, most notably Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Staphylococcus aureus. These secretion systems are defined by a conserved FtsK/SpoIIIE family ATPase and one or more WXG100 family secreted substrates. Gene clusters coding for ESX systems have been identified amongst many organisms including the highly tractable model system, Bacillus subtilis. In this study, we demonstrate that the B. subtilis yuk/yue locus codes for a nonessential ESX secretion system. We develop a functional secretion assay to demonstrate that each of the locus gene products is specifically required for secretion of the WXG100 virulence factor homolog, YukE. We then employ an unbiased approach to search for additional secreted substrates. By quantitative profiling of culture supernatants, we find that YukE may be the sole substrate that depends on the FtsK/SpoIIIE family ATPase for secretion. We discuss potential functional implications for secretion of a unique substrate.
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