SYK Regulates mTOR Signaling in AML
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CitationCarnevale, Julia, Linda Ross, Alexandre Puissant, Versha Banerji, Richard M. Stone, Daniel J. DeAngelo, Kenneth N. Ross, and Kimberly Stegmaier. 2014. “SYK Regulates mTOR Signaling in AML.” Leukemia 27 (11): 2118-2128. doi:10.1038/leu.2013.89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/leu.2013.89.
AbstractSpleen Tyrosine Kinase (SYK) was recently identified as a new target in acute myeloid leukemia (AML); however, its mechanistic role in this disease is poorly understood. Based on the known interaction between SYK and mTOR signaling in lymphoma, we hypothesized that SYK may regulate mTOR signaling in AML. Both small-molecule inhibition of SYK and SYK-directed shRNA suppressed mTOR and its downstream signaling effectors, as well as its upstream activator, AKT. Moreover, the inhibition of multiple nodes of the PI3K signaling pathway enhanced the effects of SYK suppression on AML cell viability and differentiation. Evaluation of the collateral MAPK pathway revealed a heterogeneous response to SYK inhibition in AML with down-regulation of MEK and ERK phosphorylation in some AML cell lines but a paradoxical increase in MEK/ERK phosphorylation in RAS-mutated AML. These studies reveal SYK as a regulator of mTOR and MAPK signaling in AML and demonstrate that inhibition of PI3K pathway activity enhances the effects of SYK inhibition on AML cell viability and differentiation.
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