Imaging of PARP1/2-Overexpressing Cancers with Novel AZD2281-Derived Probes
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CitationLacy, Jessica. 2014. Imaging of PARP1/2-Overexpressing Cancers with Novel AZD2281-Derived Probes. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard Medical School.
AbstractPoly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 and -2 (PARP1/2) are nuclear proteins involved in DNA repair. Tumors with defects in homologous recombination, including BRCA1- and BRCA2-deficient cancers, have been shown to be sensitive to PARP inhibition.
The Weissleder group has synthesized fluorescent and radioactive derivatives of the PARP1/2 inhibitor AZD2281. We hypothesized that fluorescent and radioactive AZD2281-based imaging agents would quantify PARP1/2 expression in vitro and in vivo.
To test this hypothesis, a panel of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and ovarian carcinoma cell lines were characterized by immunocytochemistry for PARP1/2 expression. AZD2281-derived fluorescence signal correlated with anti-PARP antibody fluorescence signal strength in vitro.
Four cell lines representing a range of PARP1/2 expression levels were then xenografted into Nu/Nu mice. Mice bearing four tumor types each were imaged with AZD2281-derived imaging agents, sacrificed, and their tumors excised for stand-alone imaging and Western blot. AZD2281-derived signal correlated with tumor PARP1/2 expression determined by Western blot, indicating that PARP1/2 expression level is a determinant of fluorescent signal strength and SUVs of AZD2281-derived agents in vivo.
These data indicate that AZD2281-derived agents are useful tools for quantifying intracellular PARP1/2 both in vitro and in vivo, which could one day enable prospective identification of tumors likely to respond to PARP inhibitors.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12407616