Novel regulation of the homeotic gene Scr associated with a crustacean leg-to-maxilliped appendage transformation.

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Novel regulation of the homeotic gene Scr associated with a crustacean leg-to-maxilliped appendage transformation.

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Title: Novel regulation of the homeotic gene Scr associated with a crustacean leg-to-maxilliped appendage transformation.
Author: Abzhanov, Arkhat; Kaufman, Thomas C.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Abzhanov, A., and TC Kaufman. 1999. "Novel regulation of the homeotic gene Scr associated with a crustacean leg-to-maxilliped appendage transformation." Development 126 (60: 1121-1128.
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Abstract: Homeotic genes are known to be involved in patterning morphological structures along the antero-posterior axis of insects and vertebrates. Because of their important roles in development, changes in the function and expression patterns of homeotic genes may have played a major role in the evolution of different body plans. For example, it has been proposed that during the evolution of several crustacean lineages, changes in the expression patterns of the homeotic genes Ultrabithorax and abdominal-A have played a role in transformation of the anterior thoracic appendages into mouthparts termed maxillipeds. This homeotic-like transformation is recapitulated at the late stages of the direct embryonic development of the crustacean Porcellio scaber (Oniscidea, Isopoda). Interestingly, this morphological change is associated with apparent novelties both in the transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of the Porcellio scaber ortholog of the Drosophila homeotic gene, Sex combs reduced (Scr). Specifically, we find that Scr mRNA is present in the second maxillary segment and the first pair of thoracic legs (T1) in early embryos, whereas protein accumulates only in the second maxillae. In later stages, however, high levels of SCR appear in the T1 legs, which correlates temporally with the transformation of these appendages into maxillipeds. Our observations provide further insight into the process of the homeotic leg-to-maxilliped transformation in the evolution of crustaceans and suggest a novel regulatory mechanism for this process in this group of arthropods.
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Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12490415
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