Electromagnetic Resonances of a Straight Wire on an Earth-Air Interface
Myers, John M.
Sandler, Sheldon S.
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CitationMyers, John M., Sheldon S. Sandler, and Tai Tsun Wu. 2011. “Electromagnetic Resonances of a Straight Wire on an Earth-Air Interface.” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. 59, no. 9: 3154–3163.
AbstractUsing a variational method, we recently determined an electromagnetic “signature” for characterizing a straight wire in free space. The signature consists of the first five resonant frequencies and their widths, more compactly expressed as the first five complex-valued resonant frequencies. Here we apply the variational method to the much more complicated case of determining the same signature for a straight wire or wire pair on a flat interface between a homogeneous earth and air. To calculate the resonances we obtain an integral equation for the current on a wire on the interface between two dielectric media. Complex-valued resonant frequencies are defined as those for which the homogeneous integral equation for the current in an equivalent thin strip on the interface has non-zero solutions. The variational method extracts good approximations to these complex-valued resonant frequencies, without having to solve the integral equation. A table of resonances is given for the case of a relative dielectric constant of the earth equal to 4 and for three values of the ratio of wire radius to wire half-length.
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