A Millimeter-wave Galactic Plane Survey with the BICEP Polarimeter

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A Millimeter-wave Galactic Plane Survey with the BICEP Polarimeter

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Title: A Millimeter-wave Galactic Plane Survey with the BICEP Polarimeter
Author: Bierman, E. M.; Matsumura, T.; Dowell, C. D.; Keating, B. G.; Ade, P.; Barkats, D.; Barron, D.; Battle, J. O.; Bock, J. J.; Chiang, H. C.; Culverhouse, T. L.; Duband, L.; Hivon, E. F.; Holzapfel, W. L.; Hristov, V. V.; Kaufman, J. P.; Kovac, John M; Kuo, C. L.; Lange, A. E.; Leitch, E. M.; Mason, P. V.; Miller, N. J.; Nguyen, H. T.; Pryke, C.; Richter, S.; Rocha, G. M.; Sheehy, C.; Takahashi, Y. D.; Yoon, K. W.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Bierman, E. M, J. Kovac et al. 2011. "A Millimeter-Wave Galactic Plane Survey with the BICEP Polarimeter." The Astrophysical Journal 741: 81.
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Abstract: In order to study inflationary cosmology and the Milky Way Galaxy's composition and magnetic field structure, Stokes I, Q, and U maps of the Galactic plane covering the Galactic longitude range 260? < ? < 340? in three atmospheric transmission windows centered on 100, 150, and 220?GHz are presented. The maps sample an optical depth 1 lsim AV lsim 30, and are consistent with previous characterizations of the Galactic millimeter-wave frequency spectrum and the large-scale magnetic field structure permeating the interstellar medium. The polarization angles in all three bands are generally perpendicular to those measured by starlight polarimetry as expected and show changes in the structure of the Galactic magnetic field on the scale of 60?. The frequency spectrum of degree-scale Galactic emission is plotted between 23 and 220?GHz (including WMAP data) and is fit to a two-component (synchrotron and dust) model showing that the higher frequency BICEP data are necessary to tightly constrain the amplitude and spectral index of Galactic dust. Polarized emission is detected over the entire region within two degrees of the Galactic plane, indicating the large-scale magnetic field is oriented parallel to the plane of the Galaxy. A trend of decreasing polarization fraction with increasing total intensity is observed, ruling out the simplest model of a constant Galactic magnetic field orientation along the line of sight in the Galactic plane. A generally increasing trend of polarization fraction with electromagnetic frequency is found, varying from 0.5%-1.5% at frequencies below 50?GHz to 2.5%-3.5% above 90?GHz. The effort to extend the capabilities of BICEP by installing 220?GHz band hardware is described along with analysis of the new band.
Published Version: doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/81
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12712844
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