He–ThO(1Σ+) Interactions at Low Temperatures: Elastic and Inelastic Collisions, Transport Properties, and Complex Formation in Cold 4He Gas

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He–ThO(1Σ+) Interactions at Low Temperatures: Elastic and Inelastic Collisions, Transport Properties, and Complex Formation in Cold 4He Gas

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Title: He–ThO(1Σ+) Interactions at Low Temperatures: Elastic and Inelastic Collisions, Transport Properties, and Complex Formation in Cold 4He Gas
Author: Tscherbul, T. V.; Sayfutyarova, E. R.; Buchachenko, A. A.; Dalgarno, Alexander

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Citation: Tscherbul, T. V., E. R. Sayfutyarova, A. A. Buchachenko, and A. Dalgarno. 2011. He–ThO(1Σ+) Interactions at Low Temperatures: Elastic and Inelastic Collisions, Transport Properties, and Complex Formation in Cold 4He Gas. The Journal of Chemical Physics 134, no. 14: 144301.
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Abstract: We present an ab initio study of cold 4He + ThO(1Σ+) collisions based on an accurate potential energy surface (PES) evaluated by the coupled cluster method with single, double, and noniterative triple excitations using an extended basis set augmented by bond functions. Variational calculations of rovibrational energy levels show that the 4He–ThO van der Waals complex has a binding energy of 10.9 cm−1 in its ground J = 0 rotational state. The calculated energy levels are used to obtain the temperature dependence of the chemical equilibrium constant for the formation of the He–ThO complex. We find that complex formation is thermodynamically favored at temperatures below 1 K and predict the maximum abundance of free ground-state ThO(v = 0, j = 0) molecules between 2 and 3 K. The calculated cross sections for momentum transfer in elastic He + ThO collisions display a rich resonance structure below 5 cm−1 and decline monotonically above this collisionenergy. The cross sections for rotational relaxation accompanied by momentum transfer decline abruptly to zero at low collisionenergies (<0.1 cm−1). We find that Stark relaxation in He + ThO collisions can be enhanced by applying an external dc electric field of less than 100 kV/cm. Finally, we present calculations of thermally averaged diffusion cross sections for ThO in He gas, and find these to be insensitive to small variations of the PES at temperatures above 1 K.
Published Version: doi:10.1063/1.3575399
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12712895
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