The complete genome sequence of a Neandertal from the Altai Mountains

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The complete genome sequence of a Neandertal from the Altai Mountains

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Title: The complete genome sequence of a Neandertal from the Altai Mountains
Author: Prüfer, Kay; Racimo, Fernando; Patterson, Nick; Jay, Flora; Sankararaman, Sriram; Sawyer, Susanna; Heinze, Anja; Renaud, Gabriel; Sudmant, Peter H.; de Filippo, Cesare; Li, Heng; Mallick, Swapan; Dannemann, Michael; Fu, Qiaomei; Kircher, Martin; Kuhlwilm, Martin; Lachmann, Michael; Meyer, Matthias; Ongyerth, Matthias; Siebauer, Michael; Theunert, Christoph; Tandon, Arti; Moorjani, Priya; Pickrell, Joseph; Mullikin, James C.; Vohr, Samuel H.; Green, Richard E.; Hellmann, Ines; Johnson, Philip L. F.; Blanche, Hélène; Cann, Howard; Kitzman, Jacob O.; Shendure, Jay; Eichler, Evan E.; Lein, Ed S.; Bakken, Trygve E.; Golovanova, Liubov V.; Doronichev, Vladimir B.; Shunkov, Michael V.; Derevianko, Anatoli P.; Viola, Bence; Slatkin, Montgomery; Reich, David; Kelso, Janet; Pääbo, Svante

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Prüfer, K., F. Racimo, N. Patterson, F. Jay, S. Sankararaman, S. Sawyer, A. Heinze, et al. 2014. “The complete genome sequence of a Neandertal from the Altai Mountains.” Nature 505 (7481): 43-49. doi:10.1038/nature12886.
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Abstract: We present a high-quality genome sequence of a Neandertal woman from Siberia. We show that her parents were related at the level of half siblings and that mating among close relatives was common among her recent ancestors. We also sequenced the genome of a Neandertal from the Caucasus to low coverage. An analysis of the relationships and population history of available archaic genomes and 25 present-day human genomes shows that several gene flow events occurred among Neandertals, Denisovans and early modern humans, possibly including gene flow into Denisovans from an unknown archaic group. Thus, interbreeding, albeit of low magnitude, occurred among many hominin groups in the Late Pleistocene. In addition, the high quality Neandertal genome allows us to establish a definitive list of substitutions that became fixed in modern humans after their separation from the ancestors of Neandertals and Denisovans.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/nature12886
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