GEF-H1 controls microtubule-dependent sensing of nucleic acids for antiviral host defenses

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GEF-H1 controls microtubule-dependent sensing of nucleic acids for antiviral host defenses

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Title: GEF-H1 controls microtubule-dependent sensing of nucleic acids for antiviral host defenses
Author: Chiang, Hao-Sen; Zhao, Yun; Song, Joo-Hye; Liu, Song; Wang, Ninghai; Terhorst, Cox; Sharpe, Arlene H.; Basavappa, Megha; Jeffrey, Kate L.; Reinecker, Hans-Christian

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Citation: Chiang, Hao-Sen, Yun Zhao, Joo-Hye Song, Song Liu, Ninghai Wang, Cox Terhorst, Arlene H. Sharpe, Megha Basavappa, Kate L. Jeffrey, and Hans-Christian Reinecker. 2014. “GEF-H1 controls microtubule-dependent sensing of nucleic acids for antiviral host defenses.” Nature immunology 15 (1): 63-71. doi:10.1038/ni.2766. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ni.2766.
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Abstract: Detailed understanding of the signaling intermediates that confer the sensing of intracellular viral nucleic acids for induction of type I interferons is critical for strategies to curtail viral mechanisms that impede innate immune defenses. Here we show that the activation of the microtubule-associated guanine nucleotide exchange factor GEF-H1, encoded by Arhgef2, is essential for sensing of foreign RNA by RIG-I-like receptors. Activation of GEF-H1 controls RIG-I and Mda5-dependent phosphorylation of IRF3 and induction of interferon-β expression in macrophages. Generation of Arhgef2−/− mice revealed a pronounced signaling defect that prevented antiviral host responses to encephalomyocarditis virus and influenza A virus. Microtubule networks sequester GEF-H1 that upon activation is released to enable antiviral signaling by intracellular nucleic acid detection pathways.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/ni.2766
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4066330/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12717579
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