Evidence for Soft Selective Sweeps in the Evolution of Pneumococcal Multidrug Resistance and Vaccine Escape

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Evidence for Soft Selective Sweeps in the Evolution of Pneumococcal Multidrug Resistance and Vaccine Escape

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Title: Evidence for Soft Selective Sweeps in the Evolution of Pneumococcal Multidrug Resistance and Vaccine Escape
Author: Croucher, Nicholas J.; Chewapreecha, Claire; Hanage, William P.; Harris, Simon R.; McGee, Lesley; van der Linden, Mark; Song, Jae-Hoon; Ko, Kwan Soo; de Lencastre, Herminia; Turner, Claudia; Yang, Fan; Sá-Leão, Raquel; Beall, Bernard; Klugman, Keith P.; Parkhill, Julian; Turner, Paul; Bentley, Stephen D.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Croucher, N. J., C. Chewapreecha, W. P. Hanage, S. R. Harris, L. McGee, M. van der Linden, J. Song, et al. 2014. “Evidence for Soft Selective Sweeps in the Evolution of Pneumococcal Multidrug Resistance and Vaccine Escape.” Genome Biology and Evolution 6 (7): 1589-1602. doi:10.1093/gbe/evu120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evu120.
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Abstract: The multidrug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae Taiwan19F-14, or PMEN14, clone was first observed with a 19F serotype, which is targeted by the heptavalent polysaccharide conjugate vaccine (PCV7). However, “vaccine escape” PMEN14 isolates with a 19A serotype became an increasingly important cause of disease post-PCV7. Whole genome sequencing was used to characterize the recent evolution of 173 pneumococci of, or related to, PMEN14. This suggested that PMEN14 is a single lineage that originated in the late 1980s in parallel with the acquisition of multiple resistances by close relatives. One of the four detected serotype switches to 19A generated representatives of the sequence type (ST) 320 isolates that have been highly successful post-PCV7. A second produced an ST236 19A genotype with reduced resistance to β-lactams owing to alteration of pbp1a and pbp2x sequences through the same recombination that caused the change in serotype. A third, which generated a mosaic capsule biosynthesis locus, resulted in serotype 19A ST271 isolates. The rapid diversification through homologous recombination seen in the global collection was similarly observed in the absence of vaccination in a set of isolates from the Maela refugee camp in Thailand, a collection that also allowed variation to be observed within carriage through longitudinal sampling. This suggests that some pneumococcal genotypes generate a pool of standing variation that is sufficiently extensive to result in “soft” selective sweeps: The emergence of multiple mutants in parallel upon a change in selection pressure, such as vaccine introduction. The subsequent competition between these mutants makes this phenomenon difficult to detect without deep sampling of individual lineages.
Published Version: doi:10.1093/gbe/evu120
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4122920/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:12785837
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