Negative selection and stringency modulation in phage-assisted constinuous evolution
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CitationCarlson, Jacob C., Ahmed H. Badran, Drago A. Guggiana-Nilo, and David R. Liu. 2014. “Negative selection and stringency modulation in phage-assisted constinuous evolution.” Nature chemical biology 10 (3): 216-222. doi:10.1038/nchembio.1453. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.1453.
AbstractPhage-assisted continuous evolution (PACE) uses a modified filamentous bacteriophage life cycle to dramatically accelerate laboratory evolution experiments. In this work we expand the scope and capabilities of the PACE method with two key advances that enable the evolution of biomolecules with radically altered or highly specific new activities. First, we implemented small molecule-controlled modulation of selection stringency that enables otherwise inaccessible activities to be evolved directly from inactive starting libraries through a period of evolutionary drift. Second, we developed a general negative selection that enables continuous counter-selection against undesired activities. We integrated these developments to continuously evolve mutant T7 RNA polymerase enzymes with ∼10,000-fold altered, rather than merely broadened, substrate specificities during a single three-day PACE experiment. The evolved enzymes exhibit specificity for their target substrate that exceeds that of wild-type RNA polymerases for their cognate substrates, while maintaining wild-type-like levels of activity.
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