Access to care issues adversely affect breast cancer patients in Mexico: oncologists’ perspective
St Louis, Jessica
Liedke, Pedro ER
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CitationChavarri-Guerra, Yanin, Jessica St Louis, Pedro ER Liedke, Heather Symecko, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Alejandro Mohar, Dianne M Finkelstein, and Paul E Goss. 2014. “Access to care issues adversely affect breast cancer patients in Mexico: oncologists’ perspective.” BMC Cancer 14 (1): 658. doi:10.1186/1471-2407-14-658. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-14-658.
AbstractBackground: Despite recently implemented access to care programs, Mexican breast cancer (BC) mortality rates remain substantially above those in the US. We conducted a survey among Mexican Oncologists to determine whether practice patterns may be responsible for these differences. Methods: A web-based survey was sent to 851 oncologists across Mexico using the Vanderbilt University REDCap database. Analyses of outcomes are reported using exact and binomial confidence bounds and tests. Results: 138 participants (18.6% of those surveyed) from the National capital and 26 Mexican states, responded. Respondents reported that 58% of newly diagnosed BC patients present with stage III-IV disease; 63% undergo mastectomy, 52% axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) and 48% sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). Chemotherapy is recommended for tumors > 1 cm (89%), positive nodes (86.5%), triple-negative (TN) (80%) and HER2 positive tumors (58%). Trastuzumab is prescribed in 54.3% and 77.5% for HER2 < 1 cm and > 1 cm tumors, respectively. Tamoxifen is indicated for premenopausal hormone receptor (HR) positive tumors in 86.5% of cases and aromatase inhibitors (AI’s) for postmenopausal in 86%. 24% of physicians reported treatment limitations, due to delayed or incomplete pathology reports and delayed or limited access to medications. Conclusions: Even though access to care programs have been recently applied nationwide, women commonly present with advanced BC, leading to increased rates of mastectomy and ALND. Mexican physicians are dissatisfied with access to appropriate medical care. Our survey detects specific barriers that may impact BC outcomes in Mexico and warrant further investigation. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/1471-2407-14-658) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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