A Comparison of Fathers' and Mothers' Talk to Toddlers in Low-income Families
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CitationRowe, Meredith L., David Coker, and Barbara Alexander Pan. 2004. “A Comparison of Fathers’ and Mothers’ Talk to Toddlers in Low-Income Families.” Social Development 13 (2) (May): 278–291.
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to provide descriptive information about low-income
fathers’ and mothers’ talk to toddlers and to re-examine the bridge hypothesis
(Gleason, 1975) in light of current changes in family structure and childcare responsibilities.
Thirty-three father–child and mother–child dyads were videotaped during
semi-structured free play at home. Fathers’ and mothers’ talk to children did not differ
in amount, diversity of vocabulary, or linguistic complexity as measured by mean
length of utterance. However, fathers produced more wh-questions and explicit clarification
requests, thus presenting more conversational challenges to children. Resident
fathers employed more direct forms of prohibitives. Results suggest the need
for closer examination of factors related to child-directed speech in varying family
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:13041203
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