XBP1 Promotes Triple Negative Breast Cancer By Controlling the HIF1 α Pathway
Greenblatt, Matthew B.
Tam, Wai Leong
Hu, Dorothy Z.
Landis, Melissa D.
Shin, Sandra J.
Chang, Jenny C.
Liu, X. Shirley
Glimcher, Laurie H.Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationChen, X., D. Iliopoulos, Q. Zhang, Q. Tang, M. B. Greenblatt, M. Hatziapostolou, E. Lim, et al. 2014. “XBP1 Promotes Triple Negative Breast Cancer By Controlling the HIF1 α Pathway.” Nature 508 (7494): 103-107. doi:10.1038/nature13119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13119.
AbstractCancer cells induce a set of adaptive response pathways to survive in the face of stressors due to inadequate vascularization1. One such adaptive pathway is the unfolded protein (UPR) or endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response mediated in part by the ER-localized transmembrane sensor IRE12 and its substrate XBP13. Previous studies report UPR activation in various human tumors4-6, but XBP1's role in cancer progression in mammary epithelial cells is largely unknown. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), a form of breast cancer in which tumor cells do not express the genes for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and Her2/neu, is a highly aggressive malignancy with limited treatment options7, 8. Here, we report that XBP1 is activated in TNBC and plays a pivotal role in the tumorigenicity and progression of this human breast cancer subtype. In breast cancer cell line models, depletion of XBP1 inhibited tumor growth and tumor relapse and reduced the CD44high/CD24low population. Hypoxia-inducing factor (HIF)1α is known to be hyperactivated in TNBCs 9, 10. Genome-wide mapping of the XBP1 transcriptional regulatory network revealed that XBP1 drives TNBC tumorigenicity by assembling a transcriptional complex with HIF1α that regulates the expression of HIF1α targets via the recruitment of RNA polymerase II. Analysis of independent cohorts of patients with TNBC revealed a specific XBP1 gene expression signature that was highly correlated with HIF1α and hypoxia-driven signatures and that strongly associated with poor prognosis. Our findings reveal a key function for the XBP1 branch of the UPR in TNBC and imply that targeting this pathway may offer alternative treatment strategies for this aggressive subtype of breast cancer.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:13347434