Poly(A)-tail profiling reveals an embryonic switch in translational control
Eichhorn, Stephen W.
Chen, Grace R.
Bartel, David P.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationSubtelny, Alexander O., Stephen W. Eichhorn, Grace R. Chen, Hazel Sive, and David P. Bartel. 2014. “Poly(A)-tail profiling reveals an embryonic switch in translational control.” Nature 508 (7494): 66-71. doi:10.1038/nature13007. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13007.
AbstractPoly(A) tails enhance the stability and translation of most eukaryotic mRNAs, but difficulties in globally measuring poly(A)-tail lengths have impeded greater understanding of poly(A)-tail function. Here, we describe poly(A)-tail length profiling by sequencing (PAL-seq) and apply it to measure tail lengths of millions of individual RNAs isolated from yeasts, cell lines, Arabidopsis leaves, mouse liver, and zebrafish and frog embryos. Poly(A)-tail lengths were conserved between orthologous mRNAs, with mRNAs encoding ribosomal proteins and other “housekeeping” proteins tending to have shorter tails. As expected, tail lengths were coupled to translational efficiency in early zebrafish and frog embryos. However, this strong coupling diminished at gastrulation and was absent in non-embryonic samples, indicating a rapid developmental switch in the nature of translational control. This switch complements an earlier switch to zygotic transcriptional control and explains why the predominant effect of microRNA-mediated deadenylation concurrently shifts from translational repression to mRNA destabilization.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:13347616
- HMS Scholarly Articles