Obesity as a risk factor for severe influenza-like illness

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Obesity as a risk factor for severe influenza-like illness

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Title: Obesity as a risk factor for severe influenza-like illness
Author: Cocoros, Noelle M; Lash, Timothy L; DeMaria, Alfred; Klompas, Michael

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Citation: Cocoros, Noelle M, Timothy L Lash, Alfred DeMaria, and Michael Klompas. 2013. “Obesity as a risk factor for severe influenza-like illness.” Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses 8 (1): 25-32. doi:10.1111/irv.12156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/irv.12156.
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Abstract: Background: Obesity was recognized as in independent risk factor for influenza during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Objectives: We evaluated the association between body mass index (BMI) and influenza-like illness (ILI) during two non-pandemic influenza seasons (2003–2004 and 2004–2005) and during the spring and fall waves of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Methods: Adults with severe (inpatient) and mild (outpatient) ILI were compared to those without ILI using a case-cohort design. The study was nested among those insured by a single health insurance company, receiving care from a large multispecialty practice. Data were collected from insurance claims and the electronic health record. The primary exposure was obesity (BMI ≥ 30·0 kg/m2). Results: Across three seasons, the crude and adjusted ORs for obesity and severe ILI were 1·65 (95% CI 1·31, 2·08) and 1·23 (95% CI 0·97, 1·57), respectively. An association was observed for those aged 20–59 years (adjusted OR 1·92, 95% CI 1·26, 2·90), but not for those 60 and older (adjusted OR 1·08, 95% CI 0·80, 1·46). The adjusted ORs for obesity and severe ILI in 2003–2004, 2004–2005, and during H1N1 were 1·14 (95% CI 0·80, 1·64), 1·24 (95% CI 0·86, 1·79), and 1·76 (95% CI 0·91, 3·42), respectively. Among those with a Charlson Comorbidity Index score of zero, the adjusted ORs for 2003–2004, 2004–2005, and H1N1 were 1·60 (95% CI 0·93, 2·76), 1·43 (95% CI 0·80, 2·56), and 1·90 (95% CI 0·68, 5·27), respectively. Conclusions: Our results suggest a small to moderate association between obesity and hospitalized ILI among adults.
Published Version: doi:10.1111/irv.12156
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4177795/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:13347646
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