A role for eisosomes in maintenance of plasma membrane phosphoinositide levels
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CitationFröhlich, Florian, Romain Christiano, Daniel K. Olson, Abel Alcazar-Roman, Pietro DeCamilli, and Tobias C. Walther. 2014. “A role for eisosomes in maintenance of plasma membrane phosphoinositide levels.” Molecular Biology of the Cell 25 (18): 2797-2806. doi:10.1091/mbc.E13-11-0639. http://dx.doi.org/10.1091/mbc.E13-11-0639.
AbstractThe plasma membrane delineates the cell and mediates its communication and material exchange with the environment. Many processes of the plasma membrane occur through interactions of proteins with phosphatidylinositol(4,5)-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2), which is highly enriched in this membrane and is a key determinant of its identity. Eisosomes function in lateral organization of the plasma membrane, but the molecular function of their major protein subunits, the BAR domain–containing proteins Pil1 and Lsp1, is poorly understood. Here we show that eisosomes interact with the PI(4,5)P2 phosphatase Inp51/Sjl1, thereby recruiting it to the plasma membrane. Pil1 is essential for plasma membrane localization and function of Inp51 but not for the homologous phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate phosphatases Inp52/Sjl2 and Inp53/Sjl3. Consistent with this, absence of Pil1 increases total and available PI(4,5)P2 levels at the plasma membrane. On the basis of these findings, we propose a model in which the eisosomes function in maintaining PI(4,5)P2 levels by Inp51/Sjl1 recruitment.
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