Tissue factor in tumor microenvironment: a systematic review
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CitationHan, Xiao, Bo Guo, Yongsheng Li, and Bo Zhu. 2014. “Tissue factor in tumor microenvironment: a systematic review.” Journal of Hematology & Oncology 7 (1): 54. doi:10.1186/s13045-014-0054-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13045-014-0054-8.
AbstractThe aberrant hemostasis is a common manifestation of cancer, and venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the second leading cause of cancer patients’ mortality. Tissue factor (TF), comprising of a 47-kDa transmembrane protein that presents in subendothelial tissues and leukocytes and a soluble isoform, have distinct roles in the initiation of extrinsic coagulation cascade and thrombosis. Laboratory and clinical evidence showed the deviant expression of TF in several cancer systems and its tumor-promoting effects. TF contributes to myeloid cell recruitment in tumor stroma, thereby remodeling of tumor microenvironment. Additionally, the number of TF-positive-microparticles (TF+MP) from tumor origins correlates with the VTE rates in cancer patients. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the TF regulation and roles in tumor progression and clinical complications.
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