Give Them a 'Hand': An Archaeo-Literary Study of Toilet Practices at Khirbet Qumran and Their Implications

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Give Them a 'Hand': An Archaeo-Literary Study of Toilet Practices at Khirbet Qumran and Their Implications

Citable link to this page

 

 
Title: Give Them a 'Hand': An Archaeo-Literary Study of Toilet Practices at Khirbet Qumran and Their Implications
Author: Emanuel, Jeffrey P.
Citation: Emanuel, Jeffrey P. 2012. "Give Them a 'Hand': An Archaeo-Literary Study of Toilet Practices at Khirbet Qumran and Their Implications." In Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Literature 2012 International Meeting, 22-26 July 2012, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: The association of the Essenes with the site of Qumran, and the specific instructions regarding latrine placement and etiquette in the Temple and War Scrolls, combine to make the toilet practices of the Qumran community an issue with a direct relation to the study of the site and of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The texts most often associated with toilet practices at Qumran present accounts and instructions which are incompatible with each other, while the presence of a cesspit toilet in Locus 51 of Qumran contradicts each of these texts. Further, the difficulties presented by this toilet’s presence are increased by its being taken out of use at the end of Period Ib of the site (31 BC), after which it appears not to have been replaced – a development which suggests either a significant change in Qumranites’ beliefs after 31 BC, or a change in the makeup of the community’s inhabitants themselves. Finally, the combination of the material evidence regarding toilet practices at Khirbet Qumran, the contradictions in the literary sources thought to address them, and scholarly attempts to rationalize or circumvent these contradictions should serve to reinforce the importance of proper methodology and evidence-based analysis to the current and future study of Qumran, its inhabitants, and their connection to the Scrolls.
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:13548976
Downloads of this work:

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

 
 

Search DASH


Advanced Search
 
 

Submitters