Politics by Number: Indicators as Social Pressure in International Relations

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Politics by Number: Indicators as Social Pressure in International Relations

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Title: Politics by Number: Indicators as Social Pressure in International Relations
Author: Kelley, Judith G.; Simmons, Beth Ann

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Kelley, Judith D. and Beth Ann Simmons. 2015. Politics by number: Indicators as social pressure in international relations. American Journal of Political Science 59 (1): 55-70.
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Abstract: The ability to monitor state behavior has become a critical tool of international governance. Systematic monitoring allows for the creation of numerical indicators that can be used to rank, compare, and essentially censure states. This article argues that the ability to disseminate such numerical indicators widely and instantly constitutes an exercise of social power, with the potential to change important policy outputs. It explores this argument in the context of the United States’ efforts to combat trafficking in persons and find evidence that monitoring has important effects: Countries are more likely to criminalize human trafficking when they are included in the U.S. annual Trafficking in Persons Report, and countries that are placed on a “watch list” are also more likely to criminalize. These findings have broad implications for international governance and the exercise of soft power in the global information age.
Published Version: doi:10.1111/ajps.12119
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:13578027
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