Large-scale genetic study in East Asians identifies six new loci associated with colorectal cancer risk
Jee, Sun Ha
Oh, Jae Hwan
Slattery, Martha L.
Gruber, Stephen B.
Schumacher, Fredrick R.
Stenzel, Stephanie L.
Park, Ji Won
Zheng, WeiNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationZhang, B., W. Jia, K. Matsuda, S. Kweon, K. Matsuo, Y. Xiang, A. Shin, et al. 2014. “Large-scale genetic study in East Asians identifies six new loci associated with colorectal cancer risk.” Nature genetics 46 (6): 533-542. doi:10.1038/ng.2985. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.2985.
AbstractKnown genetic loci explain only a small proportion of the familial relative risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted the largest genome-wide association study in East Asians with 14,963 CRC cases and 31,945 controls and identified six new loci associated with CRC risk (P = 3.42 × 10−8 to 9.22 × 10−21) at 10q22.3, 10q25.2, 11q12.2, 12p13.31, 17p13.3 and 19q13.2. Two of these loci map to genes (TCF7L2 and TGFB1) with established roles in colorectal tumorigenesis. Four other loci are located in or near genes involved in transcription regulation (ZMIZ1), genome maintenance (FEN1), fatty acid metabolism (FADS1 and FADS2), cancer cell motility and metastasis (CD9) and cell growth and differentiation (NXN). We also found suggestive evidence for three additional loci associated with CRC risk near genome-wide significance at 8q24.11, 10q21.1 and 10q24.2. Furthermore, we replicated 22 previously reported CRC loci. Our study provides insights into the genetic basis of CRC and suggests new biological pathways.
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