Exposure to genocide and risk of suicide in Rwanda: a population-based case–control study

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Exposure to genocide and risk of suicide in Rwanda: a population-based case–control study

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Title: Exposure to genocide and risk of suicide in Rwanda: a population-based case–control study
Author: Rubanzana, Wilson; Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany L; Ntaganira, Joseph; Freeman, Michael D

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Citation: Rubanzana, Wilson, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Joseph Ntaganira, and Michael D Freeman. 2015. “Exposure to genocide and risk of suicide in Rwanda: a population-based case–control study.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 69 (2): 117-122. doi:10.1136/jech-2014-204307. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2014-204307.
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Abstract: Background: In Rwanda, an estimated one million people were killed during the 1994 genocide, leaving the country shattered and social fabric destroyed. Large-scale traumatic events such as wars and genocides have been linked to endemic post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and suicidality. The study objective was to investigate whether the 1994 genocide exposure is associated with suicide in Rwanda. Methods: We conducted a population-based case–control study. Suicide victims were matched to three living controls for sex, age and residential location. Exposure was defined as being a genocide survivor, having suffered physical/sexual abuse in the genocide, losing a first-degree relative in the genocide, having been convicted for genocide crimes or having a first-degree relative convicted for genocide. From May 2011 to May 2013, 162 cases and 486 controls were enrolled countrywide. Information was collected from the police, local village administrators and family members. Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, having been convicted for genocide crimes was a significant predictor for suicide (OR=17.3, 95% CI 3.4 to 88.1). Being a survivor, having been physically or sexually abused during the genocide, and having lost a first-degree family member to genocide were not significantly associated with suicide. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that individuals convicted for genocide crimes are experiencing continued psychological disturbances that affect their social reintegration into the community even 20 years after the event. Given the large number of genocide perpetrators reintegrated after criminal courts and Gacaca traditional reconciling trials, suicide could become a serious public health burden if preventive remedial action is not identified.
Published Version: doi:10.1136/jech-2014-204307
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4316837/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:14065452
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