Pacific Exploratory Mission in the tropical Pacific: PEM-Tropics A, August-September 1996

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Pacific Exploratory Mission in the tropical Pacific: PEM-Tropics A, August-September 1996

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Title: Pacific Exploratory Mission in the tropical Pacific: PEM-Tropics A, August-September 1996
Author: Hoell, J. M.; Davis, D. D.; Jacob, Daniel James; Rodgers, M. O.; Newell, R. E.; Fuelberg, H. E.; McNeal, R. J.; Raper, J. L.; Bendura, R. J.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Hoell, J. M., D. D. Davis, D. J. Jacob, M. O. Rodgers, R. E. Newell, H. E. Fuelberg, R. J. McNeal, J. L. Raper, and R. J. Bendura. 1999. “Pacific Exploratory Mission in the Tropical Pacific: PEM-Tropics A, August-September 1996.” Journal of Geophysical Research 104 (D5): 5567. doi:10.1029/1998jd100074.
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Abstract: The NASA Pacific Exploratory Mission to the Pacific tropics (PEM-Tropics) is the third major field campaign of NASA's Global Tropospheric Experiment (GTE) to study the impact of human and natural processes on the chemistry of the troposphere over the Pacific basin. The first two campaigns, PEM-West A and B were conducted over the northwestern regions of the Pacific and focused on the impact of emissions from the Asian continent. The broad objectives of PEM-Tropics included improving our understanding of the oxidizing power of the tropical atmosphere as well as investigating oceanic sulfur compounds and their conversion to aerosols. Phase A of the PEM-Tropics program, conducted between August-September 1996, involved the NASA DC-8 and P-3B aircraft. Phase B of this program is scheduled for March/April 1999. During PEM-Tropics A, the flight tracks of the two aircraft extended zonally across the entire Pacific Basin and meridionally from Hawaii to south of New Zealand. Both aircraft were instrumented for airborne measurements of trace gases and aerosols and meteorological parameters. The DC-8, given its long-range and high-altitude capabilities coupled with the lidar instrument in its payload, focused on transport issues and ozone photochemistry, while the P-3B, with its sulfur-oriented instrument payload and more limited range, focused on detailed sulfur process studies. Among its accomplishments, the PEM-Tropics A field campaign has provided a unique set of atmospheric measurements in a heretofore data sparse region; demonstrated the capability of several new or improved instruments for measuring OH, H2SO4, NO, NO2, and actinic fluxes; and conducted experiments which tested our understanding of HOx and NOx photochemistry, as well as sulfur oxidation and aerosol formation processes. In addition, PEM-Tropics A documented for the first time the considerable and widespread influence of biomass burning pollution over the South Pacific, and identified the South Pacific Convergence Zone as a major barrier for atmospheric transport in the southern hemisphere.
Published Version: doi:10.1029/1998JD100074
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:14118806
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