Social Dominance Orientation: Revisiting the Structure and Function of a Variable Predicting Social and Political Attitudes
Ho, A. K.
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CitationHo, A. K., J. Sidanius, F. Pratto, S. Levin, L. Thomsen, N. Kteily, and J. Sheehy-Skeffington. 2012. “Social Dominance Orientation: Revisiting the Structure and Function of a Variable Predicting Social and Political Attitudes.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 38 (5) (January 3): 583–606. doi:10.1177/0146167211432765.
AbstractSocial dominance orientation (SDO) is one of the most powerful predictors of intergroup attitudes and behavior. Although SDO works well as a unitary construct, some analyses suggest it might consist of two complementary dimensions—SDO-Dominance (SDO-D), or the preference for some groups to dominate others, and SDO-Egalitarianism (SDO-E), a preference for nonegalitarian intergroup relations. Using seven samples from the United States and Israel, the authors confirm factor-analytic evidence and show predictive validity for both dimensions. In the United States, SDO-D was theorized and found to be more related to old-fashioned racism, zero-sum competition, and aggressive intergroup phenomena than SDO-E; SDO-E better predicted more subtle legitimizing ideologies, conservatism, and opposition to redistributive social policies. In a contentious hierarchical intergroup context (the Israeli–Palestinian context), SDO-D better predicted both conservatism and aggressive intergroup attitudes. Fundamentally, these analyses begin to establish the existence of complementary psychological orientations underlying the preference for group-based dominance and inequality.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:14302021
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