Is There an Association between Traumatic Dental Injury and Social Capital, Binge Drinking and Socioeconomic Indicators among Schoolchildren?
de Paiva, Haroldo Neves
Paiva, Paula Cristina Pelli
de Paula Silva, Carlos José
Lamounier, Joel Alves
Ferreira e Ferreira, Efigênia
Ferreira, Raquel Conceição
Zarzar, Patrícia Maria
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Citationde Paiva, Haroldo Neves, Paula Cristina Pelli Paiva, Carlos José de Paula Silva, Joel Alves Lamounier, Efigênia Ferreira e Ferreira, Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Ichiro Kawachi, and Patrícia Maria Zarzar. 2015. “Is There an Association between Traumatic Dental Injury and Social Capital, Binge Drinking and Socioeconomic Indicators among Schoolchildren?” PLoS ONE 10 (2): e0118484. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118484.
AbstractObjectives: Traumatic dental injury is defined as trauma caused by forces on a tooth with variable extent and severity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of traumatic dental injury and its association with overjet, lip protection, sex, socioeconomic status, social capital and binge drinking among 12-year-old students. Research Design and Method A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 633 12-year-old students. Data were collected through a clinical exam and self-administered questionnaires. Socioeconomic status was determined based on mother’s schooling and household income. The Social Capital Questionnaire for Adolescent Students and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) were used to measure social capital and binge drinking, respectively. Results: The prevalence of traumatic dental injury was 29.9% (176/588). Traumatic dental injury was more prevalent among male adolescents (p = 0.010), those with overjet greater than 5 mm (p < 0.001) and those with inadequate lip protection (p < 0.001). In the multiple logistic regression analysis, overjet [OR = 3.80 (95% CI: 2.235–6.466), p < 0.0001], inadequate lip protection [OR = 5.585 (95% CI: 3.654–8.535), p < 0.0001] and binge drinking [OR = 1.93 (95% CI: 1.21–3.06), p = 0.005] remained significantly associated with traumatic dental injury. Conclusions: The present findings suggest that a high level of total social capital and trust are not associated with TDI in adolescents, unlike binge drinking. The effects of social and behavioral factors on TDI are not well elucidated. Therefore, further research involving other populations and a longitudinal design is recommended.
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