The SORL1 Gene and Convergent Neural Risk for Alzheimer's Disease Across the Human Lifespan

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The SORL1 Gene and Convergent Neural Risk for Alzheimer's Disease Across the Human Lifespan

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Title: The SORL1 Gene and Convergent Neural Risk for Alzheimer's Disease Across the Human Lifespan
Author: Felsky, Daniel; Szeszko, Philip; Yu, Lei; Honer, William G; De Jager, Philip L; Schneider, Julie A; Malhotra, Anil K; Lencz, Todd; Ikuta, Toshikazu; Pipitone, Jon; Chakravarty, M Mallar; Lobaugh, Nancy J; Mulsant, Benoit H; Pollock, Bruce G; Kennedy, James L; Bennett, David A; Voineskos, Aristotle N

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Felsky, D., P. Szeszko, L. Yu, W. G. Honer, P. L. De Jager, J. A. Schneider, A. K. Malhotra, et al. 2013. “The SORL1 Gene and Convergent Neural Risk for Alzheimer's Disease Across the Human Lifespan.” Molecular psychiatry 19 (10): 1125-1132. doi:10.1038/mp.2013.142. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mp.2013.142.
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Abstract: Prior to intervention trials in individuals genetically at-risk for late-onset Alzheimer's disease, critical first steps are identifying where (neuroanatomic effects), when (timepoint in the lifespan) and how (gene expression and neuropathology) Alzheimer's risk genes impact the brain. We hypothesized that variants in the sortilin-like receptor (SORL1) gene would affect multiple Alzheimer's phenotypes before the clinical onset of symptoms. Four independent samples were analyzed to determine effects of SORL1 genetic risk variants across the lifespan at multiple phenotypic levels: 1) microstructural integrity of white matter using diffusion tensor imaging in two healthy control samples (n=118, age 18-86, and n=68, age 8-40); 2) gene expression using the Braincloud postmortem healthy control sample (n=269, age 0-92); and 3) Alzheimer's neuropathology (amyloid plaques and tau tangles) using a postmortem sample of healthy, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer's individuals (n=710, age 66-108). SORL1 risk variants predicted lower white matter fractional anisotropy in an age-independent manner, in fronto-temporal white matter tracts in both samples at 5% FWE-corrected thresholds. SORL1 risk variants also predicted decreased SORL1 mRNA expression, most prominently during childhood and adolescence, and significantly predicted increases in amyloid pathology in postmortem brain. Importantly, the effects of SORL1 variation on both white matter microstructure and gene expression were observed during neurodevelopmental phases of the human lifespan. Further, the neuropathological mechanism of risk appears to primarily involve amyloidogenic pathways. Interventions targeted toward the SORL1 amyloid risk pathway may be of greatest value during early phases of the lifespan.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/mp.2013.142
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4004725/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:15034969
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