Elevated plasma levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor correlated with inflammation and lung function in COPD patients
Wen, FuqiangNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationLi, X., T. Wang, T. Yang, Y. Shen, J. An, L. Liu, J. Dong, et al. 2015. “Elevated plasma levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor correlated with inflammation and lung function in COPD patients.” International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 10 (1): 587-594. doi:10.2147/COPD.S78546. http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S78546.
AbstractRationale: Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a 50 kD small secreting glycoprotein that participates in multiple physiological and pathological processes. Recent studies have reported that PEDF plays an important role in inflammatory responses in several diseases. However, the role of PEDF in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear. Objective: The aim of the present study is to explore the potential relationship between PEDF and COPD. Methods: We used differential proteomics – stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture – to investigate protein expression profile changes in cigarette smoke extract-treated pulmonary cells and found that the neurotrophic and antiangiogenic protein PEDF was abnormally expressed. Furthermore, Western blotting was used to detect the expression of PEDF in the lung tissue of rats that were exposed to cigarette smoke. Eighty subjects between the ages of 40–90 years, including 20 healthy nonsmokers, ten smoking volunteers, and 50 COPD patients, were recruited from September 2012 until August 2013 in Sichuan Province, People’s Republic of China. We measured the plasma PEDF concentration and classic proinflammatory cytokines by multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, we performed a spirometry examination to diagnose COPD patients and we also analyzed the correlation between PEDF and lung function. Results: First, we found that the expression of PEDF in cigarette smoke extract-treated cells increased 16.2-fold when compared with the control group. Next, we confirmed that 4 weeks’ exposure to cigarette smoke can upregulate PEDF levels in rat lung tissues. We also discovered that plasma PEDF in COPD patients was significantly increased when compared with either healthy nonsmoking or smoking subjects. Furthermore, circulating PEDF was correlated with inflammatory cytokine and blood neutrophil numbers, but it was reversely associated with a decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second percent predicted. Conclusion: Our findings provide a novel link between PEDF and COPD. Elevated PEDF levels may be involved in promoting the development of COPD by performing proinflamma-tory functions.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:15035067
- HMS Scholarly Articles