Stepped Moduli in Layered Composites

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Stepped Moduli in Layered Composites

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Title: Stepped Moduli in Layered Composites
Author: So, Ju-Hee; Tayi, Alok S.; Guder, Firat; Whitesides, George McClelland

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Citation: So, Ju-Hee, Alok S. Tayi, Firat Güder, and George M. Whitesides. 2014. “Stepped Moduli in Layered Composites.” Adv. Funct. Mater. (September): n/a–n/a. doi:10.1002/adfm.201401548.
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Abstract: This paper describes adaptive composites that respond to mechanical stimuli by changing their Young's modulus. These composites are fabricated by combining a shorter layer of elastic material (e.g., latex) and a longer layer of stiffer material (e.g., polyethylene and Kevlar), and fixing them together at their ends. Tension along the layered composite increases its length, and as the strain increases, the composite changes the load-bearing layer from the elastic to the stiff material. The result is a step in the Young's modulus of the composite. The characteristics of the step (or steps) can be engineered by changing the constituent materials, the number of layers, and their geometries (e.g., sinusoidal, hierarchical, two-dimensional web-like, rod-coil, embedded, and ring structures). For composites with more than two steps in modulus, the materials within the composites can be layered in a hierarchical structure to fit within a smaller volume, without sacrificing performance. These composites can also be used to make structures with tunable, stepped compressive moduli. An adaptation of these principles can generate an electronic sensor that can monitor the applied compressive strain. Increasing or decreasing the strain closes or opens a circuit and reversibly activates a light-emitting diode.
Published Version: doi:10.1002/adfm.201401548
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at
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