Cyclin-dependent kinase 11p110 (CDK11p110) is crucial for human breast cancer cell proliferation and growth
Kan, QuanchengNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationZhou, Y., C. Han, D. Li, Z. Yu, F. Li, F. Li, Q. An, et al. 2015. “Cyclin-dependent kinase 11p110 (CDK11p110) is crucial for human breast cancer cell proliferation and growth.” Scientific Reports 5 (1): 10433. doi:10.1038/srep10433. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep10433.
AbstractCyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) play important roles in the development of many types of cancers by binding with their paired cyclins. However, the function of CDK11 larger protein isomer, CDK11p110, in the tumorigenesis of human breast cancer remains unclear. In the present study, we explored the effects and molecular mechanisms of CDK11p110 in the proliferation and growth of breast cancer cells by determining the expression of CDK11p110 in breast tumor tissues and examining the phenotypic changes of breast cancer cells after CDK11p110 knockdown. We found that CDK11p110 was highly expressed in breast tumor tissues and cell lines. Tissue microarray analysis showed that elevated CDK11p110 expression in breast cancer tissues significantly correlated with poor differentiation, and was also associated with advanced TNM stage and poor clinical prognosis for breast cancer patients. In vitro knockdown of CDK11p110 by siRNA significantly inhibited cell growth and migration, and dramatically induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Flow cytometry demonstrated that cells were markedly arrested in G1 phase of the cell cycle after CDK11p110 downregulation. These findings suggest that CDK11p110 is critical for the proliferation and growth of breast cancer cells, which highlights CDK11p110 may be a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of breast cancer.
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