A Re-Appraisal of the Early Andean Human Remains from Lauricocha in Peru

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A Re-Appraisal of the Early Andean Human Remains from Lauricocha in Peru

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Title: A Re-Appraisal of the Early Andean Human Remains from Lauricocha in Peru
Author: Fehren-Schmitz, Lars; Llamas, Bastien; Lindauer, Susanne; Tomasto-Cagigao, Elsa; Kuzminsky, Susan; Rohland, Nadin; Santos, Fabrício R.; Kaulicke, Peter; Valverde, Guido; Richards, Stephen M.; Nordenfelt, Susanne; Seidenberg, Verena; Mallick, Swapan; Cooper, Alan; Reich, David; Haak, Wolfgang

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Fehren-Schmitz, L., B. Llamas, S. Lindauer, E. Tomasto-Cagigao, S. Kuzminsky, N. Rohland, F. R. Santos, et al. 2015. “A Re-Appraisal of the Early Andean Human Remains from Lauricocha in Peru.” PLoS ONE 10 (6): e0127141. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127141.
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Abstract: The discovery of human remains from the Lauricocha cave in the Central Andean highlands in the 1960’s provided the first direct evidence for human presence in the high altitude Andes. The skeletons found at this site were ascribed to the Early to Middle Holocene and represented the oldest known population of Western South America, and thus were used in several studies addressing the early population history of the continent. However, later excavations at Lauricocha led to doubts regarding the antiquity of the site. Here, we provide new dating, craniometric, and genetic evidence for this iconic site. We obtained new radiocarbon dates, generated complete mitochondrial genomes and nuclear SNP data from five individuals, and re-analyzed the human remains of Lauricocha to revise the initial morphological and craniometric analysis conducted in the 1960’s. We show that Lauricocha was indeed occupied in the Early to Middle Holocene but the temporal spread of dates we obtained from the human remains show that they do not qualify as a single contemporaneous population. However, the genetic results from five of the individuals fall within the spectrum of genetic diversity observed in pre-Columbian and modern Native Central American populations.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127141
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4464891/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:17295654
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