Kinematic Analysis of Five Different Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Techniques

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Kinematic Analysis of Five Different Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Techniques

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Title: Kinematic Analysis of Five Different Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Techniques
Author: Gadikota, Hemanth R; Hosseini, Ali; Asnis, Peter; Li, Guoan

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Citation: Gadikota, Hemanth R, Ali Hosseini, Peter Asnis, and Guoan Li. 2015. “Kinematic Analysis of Five Different Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Techniques.” Knee Surgery & Related Research 27 (2): 69-75. doi:10.5792/ksrr.2015.27.2.69. http://dx.doi.org/10.5792/ksrr.2015.27.2.69.
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Abstract: Several anatomical anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques have been proposed to restore normal joint kinematics. However, the relative superiorities of these techniques with one another and traditional single-bundle reconstructions are unclear. Kinematic responses of five previously reported reconstruction techniques (single-bundle reconstruction using a bone-patellar tendon-bone graft [SBR-BPTB], single-bundle reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [SBR-HST], single-tunnel double-bundle reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [STDBR-HST], anatomical single-tunnel reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [ASTR-HST], and a double-tunnel double-bundle reconstruction using a hamstring tendon graft [DBR-HST]) were systematically analyzed. The knee kinematics were determined under anterior tibial load (134 N) and simulated quadriceps load (400 N) at 0°, 15°, 30°, 60°, and 90° of flexion using a robotic testing system. Anterior joint stability under anterior tibial load was qualified as normal for ASTR-HST and DBR-HST and nearly normal for SBR-BPTB, SBR-HST, and STDBR-HST as per the International Knee Documentation Committee knee examination form categorization. The analysis of this study also demonstrated that SBR-BPTB, STDBR-HST, ASTR-HST, and DBR-HST restored the anterior joint stability to normal condition while the SBR-HST resulted in a nearly normal anterior joint stability under the action of simulated quadriceps load. The medial-lateral translations were restored to normal level by all the reconstructions. The internal tibial rotations under the simulated muscle load were over-constrained by all the reconstruction techniques, and more so by the DBR-HST. All five ACL reconstruction techniques could provide either normal or nearly normal anterior joint stability; however, the techniques over-constrained internal tibial rotation under the simulated quadriceps load.
Published Version: doi:10.5792/ksrr.2015.27.2.69
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4458485/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:17295691
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