Depletion of eIF2.GTP.Met-tRNAi translation initiation complex up-regulates BRCA1 expression in vitro and in vivo
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CitationAktas, Bertal H., Paula Bordelois, Selen Peker, Sophia Merajver, and Jose A. Halperin. 2015. “Depletion of eIF2.GTP.Met-tRNAi translation initiation complex up-regulates BRCA1 expression in vitro and in vivo.” Oncotarget 6 (9): 6902-6914.
AbstractMost sporadic breast and ovarian cancers express low levels of the breast cancer susceptibility gene, BRCA1. The BRCA1 gene produces two transcripts, mRNAa and mRNAb. mRNAb, present in breast cancer but not in normal mammary epithelial cells, contains three upstream open reading frames (uORFs) in its 5′UTR and is translationally repressed. Comparable tandem uORFs are characteristically seen in mRNAs whose translational efficiency paradoxically increases when the overall translation rate is decreased due to phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 α (eIF2α). Here we show fish oil derived eicosopanthenoic acid (EPA) that induces eIF2α phosphorylation translationally up-regulates the expression of BRCA1 in human breast cancer cells. We demonstrate further that a diet rich in EPA strongly induces expression of BRCA1 in human breast cancer xenografts.
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