Role of the Transcription Factor Zinc Finger Protein 521 on Runx2 Acetylation
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CitationBahadoran, Mahshid. 2015. Role of the Transcription Factor Zinc Finger Protein 521 on Runx2 Acetylation. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard School of Dental Medicine.
AbstractRunx2 is a transcription factor that has a crucial role in the development of bone; haploinsufficiency of Runx2 leads to the autosomal-dominant disorder, cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) characterized by various skeletal abnormalities. Zinc finger protein 521 (Zfp521) is a transcription factor that is expressed in several cell types including bone. Recent studies demonstrated that Zfp521 interacts with Runx2 and regulates osteoblast maturation at least in part by repressing the transcriptional activity of Runx2; furthermore, it was demonstrated that the repression of Runx2 by Zfp521 involves the recruitment of HDAC3. The interaction of Runx2 with HDAC3 is strongly enhanced by Zfp521. Zfp521 may regulate osteoblast commitment and differentiation by modulating the Runx2 transcriptional activity by decreasing the levels of Runx2 acetylation.
Objective: Runx2 is a key regulator of osteoblast differentiation; Zfp521 may regulate osteoblast commitment and differentiation, at least in part by decreasing the levels of Runx2 acetylation. We investigated 1) Effect of Zfp521 on Runx2 acetylation in HEK293 cells 2) The endogenous Runx2 acetylation levels in MC3T3-E1 cells during osteoblast differentiation.
Results: These studies demonstrated that Runx2 acetylation is decreased when Zfp521 is stable expressed in HEK293 cells. Runx2 acetylation levels were detected using immunoprecitation analyses. Sodium butyrate (NaB) prevents protein deacetylation by inhibiting HDACs. The treatment of cells with NaB increased global protein acetylation levels. Importantly, stable expression of Zfp521 did not change global protein acetylation. Therefore, this study suggested that Zfp521 specifically influences Runx2 acetylation. In addition, our findings suggest that Zfp521 impairs Runx2 acetylation by HDACs. Preliminary results show that transient transfection of P300 in HEK293 increased Runx2 acetylation levels. However, stable expression of Zfp521 can still partially decrease Runx2 acetylation levels. This study suggests that Zfp521 function can be linked to P300.
Runx2 acetylation levels were then assessed in MC3T3-E1 cells during osteoblast differentiation. While Runx2 protein levels increase by 7 days in culture, and gradually decreases by days 14, Runx2 acetylation was undetectable.
Conclusion: Runx2 is the transcription factor that has essential role in osteoblast commitment and differentiation. Zfp521 represses the transcriptional activity of Runx2 by recruiting HDAC3. These studies suggest that Zfp521 modulates Runx2 activity by decreasing Runx2 acetylation level. These studies have extended our knowledge of the mechanisms by which Zfp521 regulates osteoblast differentiation and bone formation, which could have important implications for on the development of future osteo-anabolic treatments.
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