Dietary restriction protects against experimental cerebral malaria via leptin modulation and T cell mTORC1 suppression
Treviño-Villarreal, J. Humberto
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CitationMejia, Pedro, J. Humberto Treviño-Villarreal, Christopher Hine, Eylul Harputlugil, Samantha Lang, Ediz Calay, Rick Rogers, Dyann Wirth, Manoj T. Duraisingh, and James R. Mitchell. 2014. “Dietary restriction protects against experimental cerebral malaria via leptin modulation and T cell mTORC1 suppression.” Nature communications 6 (1): 6050. doi:10.1038/ncomms7050. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7050.
AbstractHost nutrition can affect the outcome of parasitic diseases through metabolic effects on host immunity and/or the parasite. Here we show that modulation of mouse immunometabolism through brief restriction of food intake (dietary restriction, DR) prevents neuropathology in experimental cerebral malaria (ECM). While no effects are detected on parasite growth, DR reduces parasite accumulation in peripheral tissues including brain, and increases clearance in the spleen. Leptin, a host-derived adipokine linking appetite, energy balance and immune function, is required for ECM pathology and its levels are reduced upon DR. Recombinant leptin abrogates DR benefits, while pharmacological or genetic inhibition of leptin signaling protects against ECM. DR reduces mTORC1 activity in T cells, and this effect is abrogated upon leptin administration. Furthermore, mTORC1 inhibition with rapamycin prevents ECM pathology. Our results suggest that leptin and mTORC1 provide a novel mechanistic link between nutrition, immunometabolism and ECM pathology, with potential therapeutic implications for cerebral malaria.
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