Association of Television Viewing Time with Body Composition and Calcified Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Singapore Chinese
Nang, Ei Ei Khaing
Tan, Chuen Seng
Lim, Yi Ting
Ong, Kai Zhi
Tai, E. Shyong
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CitationNang, Ei Ei Khaing, Rob M. van Dam, Chuen Seng Tan, Falk Mueller-Riemenschneider, Yi Ting Lim, Kai Zhi Ong, Siqing Ee, Jeannette Lee, and E. Shyong Tai. 2015. “Association of Television Viewing Time with Body Composition and Calcified Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Singapore Chinese.” PLoS ONE 10 (7): e0132161. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132161.
AbstractObjective: Sedentary behavior such as television viewing may be an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease. However, few studies have assessed the impact of television viewing time on coronary artery calcification and it remains unclear how body fat contributes to this relationship. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between television viewing time and subclinical atherosclerosis and whether effects on visceral or subcutaneous fat may mediate any associations observed. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 398 Chinese participants (192 men and 206 women) from Singapore prospective study. Participants were free from known cardiovascular diseases and underwent interview, health screening, computed tomography scans of coronary arteries and abdomen. Spearman’s correlation was used to test the correlation between television viewing time, physical activity, body composition and abdominal fat distribution. The association between television viewing time and subclinical atherosclerosis was assessed by multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: In men, television viewing time was significantly correlated with higher body fat mass index, percent body fat, subcutaneous and visceral fat. These associations were in the same direction, but weaker and not statistically significant in women. Television viewing time (hours/day) was associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in men (odds ratio: 1.41, 95% CI: 1.03-1.93) but no significant association was observed in women (odds ratio: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.59-1.31) after adjusting for potential socio-demographic and lifestyle confounders. Further adjustments for biological factors did not affect these associations. Conclusions: Television viewing time was associated with greater adiposity and higher subcutaneous and visceral fat in men. TV viewing time was also associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in men and the potential mechanisms underlying this association require further investigation.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:17820723
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