Transactivation of human osteoprotegerin promoter by GATA-3

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Transactivation of human osteoprotegerin promoter by GATA-3

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Title: Transactivation of human osteoprotegerin promoter by GATA-3
Author: Kao, Shyan-Yuan; Stankovic, Konstantina M.

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Citation: Kao, Shyan-Yuan, and Konstantina M. Stankovic. 2015. “Transactivation of human osteoprotegerin promoter by GATA-3.” Scientific Reports 5 (1): 12479. doi:10.1038/srep12479.
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Abstract: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a key regulator of bone remodeling. Mutations in OPG are involved in a variety of human diseases. We have shown that cochlear spiral ganglion cells secrete OPG at high levels and lack of OPG causes sensorineural hearing loss in addition to the previously described conductive hearing loss. In order to study the regulation of OPG expression, we conducted a database search on regulatory elements in the promoter region of the OPG gene, and identified two potential GATA-3 binding sites. Using luciferase assays and site directed mutagenesis, we demonstrate that these two elements are GATA-3 responsive and support GATA-3 transactivation in human HEK and HeLa cells. The expression of wild type GATA-3 activated OPG mRNA and protein expression, while the expression of a dominant negative mutant of GATA-3 or a GATA-3 shRNA construct reduced OPG mRNA and protein levels. GATA-3 deficient cells generated by expressing a GATA-3 shRNA construct were sensitive to apoptosis induced by etoposide and TNF-α. This apoptotic effect could be partly prevented by the co-treatment with exogenous OPG. Our results suggest new approaches to rescue diseases due to GATA-3 deficiency – such as in hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness, and renal (HDR) syndrome – by OPG therapy.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep12479
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