Enhancement of E. coli acyl-CoA synthetase FadD activity on medium chain fatty acids
Ford, Tyler J.
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CitationFord, Tyler J., and Jeffrey C. Way. 2015. “Enhancement of E. coli acyl-CoA synthetase FadD activity on medium chain fatty acids.” PeerJ 3 (1): e1040. doi:10.7717/peerj.1040. http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1040.
AbstractFadD catalyses the first step in E. coli beta-oxidation, the activation of free fatty acids into acyl-CoA thioesters. This activation makes fatty acids competent for catabolism and reduction into derivatives like alcohols and alkanes. Alcohols and alkanes derived from medium chain fatty acids (MCFAs, 6–12 carbons) are potential biofuels; however, FadD has low activity on MCFAs. Herein, we generate mutations in fadD that enhance its acyl-CoA synthetase activity on MCFAs. Homology modeling reveals that these mutations cluster on a face of FadD from which the co-product, AMP, is expected to exit. Using FadD homology models, we design additional FadD mutations that enhance E. coli growth rate on octanoate and provide evidence for a model wherein FadD activity on octanoate can be enhanced by aiding product exit. These studies provide FadD mutants useful for producing MCFA derivatives and a rationale to alter the substrate specificity of adenylating enzymes.
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