Microfluidic heart on a chip for higher throughput pharmacological studies

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Microfluidic heart on a chip for higher throughput pharmacological studies

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Title: Microfluidic heart on a chip for higher throughput pharmacological studies
Author: Agarwal, Ashutosh; Goss, Josue Adrian; Cho, Alexander; McCain, Megan Laura; Parker, Kevin Kit

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Citation: Agarwal, Ashutosh, Josue Adrian Goss, Alexander Cho, Megan Laura McCain, and Kevin Kit Parker. 2013. “Microfluidic Heart on a Chip for Higher Throughput Pharmacological Studies.” Lab Chip 13 (18): 3599. doi:10.1039/c3lc50350j. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c3lc50350j.
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Abstract: We present the design of a higher throughput “heart on a chip” which utilizes a semi-automated fabrication technique to process sub millimeter sized thin film cantilevers of soft elastomers. Anisotropic cardiac microtissues which recapitulate the laminar architecture of the heart ventricle are engineered on these cantilevers. Deflection of these cantilevers, termed Muscular Thin Films (MTFs), during muscle contraction allows calculation of diastolic and systolic stresses generated by the engineered tissues. We also present the design of a reusable one channel fluidic microdevice completely built out of autoclavable materials which incorporates various features required for an optical cardiac contractility assay: metallic base which fits on a heating element for temperature control, transparent top for recording cantilever deformation and embedded electrodes for electrical field stimulation of the tissue. We employ the microdevice to test the positive inotropic effect of isoproterenol on cardiac contractility at dosages ranging from 1 nM to 100 μM. The higher throughput fluidic heart on a chip has applications in testing of cardiac tissues built from rare or expensive cell sources and for integration with other organ mimics. These advances will help alleviate translational barriers for commercial adoption of these technologies by improving the throughput and reproducibility of readout, standardization of the platform and scalability of manufacture.
Published Version: 10.1039/c3lc50350j
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3786400/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:17985229
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