Now showing items 21-40 of 14421

    • Combating transnational crime: The role of learning and norm diffusion in the current rule of law wave 

      Lloyd, Paulette; Stewart, Brandon; Simmons, Beth Ann (Cambridge University Press, 2018-01-24)
    • Pleasure in response to out-group pain as a motivator of intergroup aggression 

      Cikara, Mina (Guilford Press, 2018)
      If humans are innately good, cooperative, fair, and averse to harming one another, why does widespread intergroup violence continue to afflict society? Several factors contribute to fomenting aggression between groups; ...
    • Digital phenotyping of suicidal thoughts 

      Kleiman, Evan M.; Turner, Brianna Joan; Fedor, Szymon; Beale, Eleanor E.; Picard, Rosalind W.; Huffman, Jeffery C.; Nock, Matthew K. (Wiley, 2018)
      Background: To examine whether there are subtypes of suicidal thinking using real-time digital monitoring, which allows for the measurement of such thoughts with greater temporal granularity than ever before possible. Methods: ...
    • On consistency and sparsity for sliced inverse regression in high dimensions 

      Lin, Qian; Zhao, Zhigen; Liu, Jun (Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2018)
      We provide here a framework to analyze the phase transition phenomenon of slice inverse regression (SIR), a supervised dimension reduction technique introduced by Li [J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 86 (1991) 316–342]. Under ...
    • Keeping an eye on coloration: ecological correlates of the evolution of pitcher traits in the genus Nepenthes (Caryophyllales) 

      Gilbert, Kadeem Jamal; Nitta, Joel H; Talavera, Gerard; Pierce, Naomi E. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018)
      Nepenthes is a genus of carnivorous pitcher plants with high intra- and interspecific morphological diversity. Many species produce dimorphic pitchers, and the relative production rate of the two morphs varies interspecifically. ...
    • Bioinspired Universal Flexible Elastomer-Based Microchannels 

      Wu, Feng; Chen, Songyue; Chen, Baiyi; Wang, Miao; Min, Lingli; Alvarenga, Jack; Ju, Jie; Khademhosseini, Ali; Yao, Yuxing; Zhang, Yu Shrike; Aizenberg, Joanna; Hou, Xu (Wiley, 2018)
      Flexible and stretchable microscale fluidic devices have a broad range of potential applications, ranging from electronic wearable devices for convenient digital lifestyle to biomedical devices. However, simple ways to ...
    • Nanocrystalline Precursors for the Co-Assembly of Crack-Free Metal Oxide Inverse Opals 

      Phillips, Katherine Reece; Shirman, Tanya; Shirman, Elijah; Shneidman, Anna Vitalyevna; Kay, Theresa M.; Aizenberg, Joanna (Wiley, 2018)
      Inorganic microstructured materials are ubiquitous in nature. However, their formation in artificial self‐assembly systems is challenging as it involves a complex interplay of competing forces during and after assembly. ...
    • Pneumatically adaptive light modulation system (PALMS) for buildings 

      Hinz, K.; Alvarenga, Jack; Kim, Philseok; Park, D.; Aizenberg, Joanna; Bechthold, Martin (Elsevier BV, 2018)
      This research introduces a novel approach to control light transmittance based on flexible polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) films that have been plasma-treated such that micro-scale surface features have a visual effect as the ...
    • Stable Liquid Jets Bouncing off Soft Gels 

      Daniel, Dan; Yao, Xi; Aizenberg, Joanna (American Physical Society (APS), 2018)
      A liquid jet can stably bounce off a sufficiently soft gel, by following the contour of the dimple created upon impact. This new phenomenon is insensitive to the wetting properties of the gels and was observed for different ...
    • Directed nucleation and growth by balancing local supersaturation and substrate/nucleus lattice mismatch 

      Li, L.; Fijneman, A. J.; Kaandorp, J. A.; Aizenberg, Joanna; Noorduin, W. L. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018)
      Controlling nucleation and growth is crucial in biological and artificial mineralization and self-assembly processes. The nucleation barrier is determined by the interfaces and local supersaturation. Although chemically ...
    • Automatic Chemical Design Using a Data-Driven Continuous Representation of Molecules 

      Gómez-Bombarelli, Rafael; Wei, Jennifer Nansean; Duvenaud, David; Hernández-Lobato, José Miguel; Sánchez-Lengeling, Benjamín; Sheberla, Dennis; Aguilera-Iparraguirre, Jorge; Hirzel, Timothy D.; Adams, Ryan Prescott; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2018)
      We report a method to convert discrete representations of molecules to and from a multidimensional continuous representation. This model allows us to generate new molecules for efficient exploration and optimization through ...
    • Fatigue of double-network hydrogels 

      Zhang, Wenlei; Liu, Xiao; Wang, Jikun; Tang, Jingda; Hu, Jian; Lu, Tongqing; Suo, Zhigang (Elsevier BV, 2018)
      The discovery of tough hydrogels of many chemical compositions, and their emerging applications in medicine, clothing, and engineering, has raised a fundamental question: How do hydrogels behave under many cycles of stretch? ...
    • Flow Batteries: Alkaline Benzoquinone Aqueous Flow Battery for Large-Scale Storage of Electrical Energy 

      Yang, Zhengjin; Tong, Liuchuan; Tabor, Daniel; Beh, Eugene S.; Goulet, Marc-Antoni; De Porcellinis, Diana; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan; Gordon, Roy Gerald; Aziz, Michael J. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2018)
      We introduce an aqueous flow battery based on low-cost, non-flammable, non-corrosive and Earth-abundant elements. During charging, electrons are stored in a concentrated water solution of 2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone ...
    • A broadband achromatic metalens for focusing and imaging in the visible 

      Chen, Wei-Ting; Zhu, Alexander Yutong; Sanjeev, Vyshakh; Khorasaninejad, Mohammadreza; Shi, Zhujun; Lee, Eric; Capasso, Federico (Springer Nature, 2018)
    • Dropwise condensation on hydrophobic bumps and dimples 

      Yao, Yuehan; Aizenberg, Joanna; Park, Kyoo-Chul (AIP Publishing, 2018)
    • Genotypic variability enhances the reproducibility of an ecological study 

      Milcu, Alexandru; Puga-Freitas, Ruben; Ellison, Aaron M.; Blouin, Manuel; Scheu, Stefan; Freschet, Grégoire T.; Rose, Laura; Barot, Sebastien; Cesarz, Simone; Eisenhauer, Nico; Girin, Thomas; Assandri, Davide; Bonkowski, Michael; Buchmann, Nina; Butenschoen, Olaf; Devidal, Sebastien; Gleixner, Gerd; Gessler, Arthur; Gigon, Agnès; Greiner, Anna; Grignani, Carlo; Hansart, Amandine; Kayler, Zachary; Lange, Markus; Lata, Jean-Christophe; Le Galliard, Jean-François; Lukac, Martin; Mannerheim, Neringa; Müller, Marina E. H.; Pando, Anne; Rotter, Paula; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Seyhun, Rahme; Urban-Mead, Katherine; Weigelt, Alexandra; Zavattaro, Laura; Roy, Jacques (Springer Nature, 2018)
      Many scientific disciplines are currently experiencing a “reproducibility crisis” because numerous scientific findings cannot be repeated consistently. A novel but controversial hypothesis postulates that stringent levels ...
    • Quantum Computer Simulates Excited States of Molecule 

      Sim, Sukin; Romero, Jonathan; Johnson, Peter Douglas; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan (American Physical Society (APS), 2018)
    • The Matter Simulation (R)evolution 

      Aspuru-Guzik, Alan; Lindh, Roland; Reiher, Markus (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2018)
      To date, the program for the development of methods and models for atomistic and continuum simulation directed toward chemicals and materials has reached an incredible degree of sophistication and maturity. Currently, one ...