Transcription factor binding dynamics during human ESC differentiation
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CitationTsankov, Alexander M., Hongcang Gu, Veronika Akopian, Michael J. Ziller, Julie Donaghey, Ido Amit, Andreas Gnirke, and Alexander Meissner. 2015. “Transcription factor binding dynamics during human ESC differentiation.” Nature 518 (7539): 344-349. doi:10.1038/nature14233. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature14233.
AbstractSummary Pluripotent stem cells provide a powerful system to dissect the underlying molecular dynamics that regulate cell fate changes during mammalian development. Here we report the integrative analysis of genome wide binding data for 38 transcription factors with extensive epigenome and transcriptional data across the differentiation of human embryonic stem cells to the three germ layers. We describe core regulatory dynamics and show the lineage specific behavior of selected factors. In addition to the orchestrated remodeling of the chromatin landscape, we find that the binding of several transcription factors is strongly associated with specific loss of DNA methylation in one germ layer and in many cases a reciprocal gain in the other layers. Taken together, our work shows context-dependent rewiring of transcription factor binding, downstream signaling effectors, and the epigenome during human embryonic stem cell differentiation.
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